The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a country located in South Asia.
It has 27 million inhabitants and its area is of 147,181 square kilometers.
It is located along the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. Kathmandu is the capital city.
Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768 until 2008.
The country underwent a decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) which led to a 12-point agreement of 22 November 2005. The monarchy was abolished with the election of the 1st Nepali Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008; a Federal Multiparty Representative Democratic Republic was then established.
Since the 20th of September 2015, Nepal is governed according to the Constitution of Nepal, which defines Nepal as having multi-ethnic, multi-religious,multi-lingual and multi-cultural characteristics with common aspirations of people living in different geographical districts and provinces.
The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest summits, including the highest point of Earth, Mount Everest with its 8848 m. The seven other high mountains are: Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Kangchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu.
Hinduism is practiced by about 81,3% of Nepalis, the highest percentage of any country, followed by Buddhism at 9%, Islam at 4.4%, Kiratism at 3.1%, Christianity at 1.4% and animism at 0.4%.
In 2010, agriculture accounted for 36.1% of Nepal GDP, services 48.5% and industry 15.4%.
Although Nepal saw the proportion of its poor population declining since 2003, it is still a developing country (ranking 145th of 187 countries on the Human Development Index in 2014).
These former figures may not take into account the tragic earthquakes in May 2015, which may have increased significantly the poverty rate ever since.