Sustainable tourism is the concept of visiting a place as a tourist and trying to make only a positive impact on the environment, society and economy.
Sustainable tourism implies sustainable mobility knowing that tourism has a significant impact on climate change: 72% of tourism’s CO2 footprint come form transportation, 24% from accommodation and 4% from local activities.
Responsible tourism and sustainable tourism have an identical goal, that of sustainable development. The pillars of responsible tourism are therefore the same as those of sustainable tourism – environmental integrity, social justice and economic development. The major difference between the two is that, in responsible tourism, individuals, organizations and businesses are asked to take responsibility for their actions and the impacts of their actions
Local communities benefit from sustainable tourism through economic development, job creation, and infrastructure development.
Eco-tourism is a form of tourism focusing on socially responsible travel and environmental sustainability.
It implies travelling to destinations where nature (flora and fauna) and cultural heritage are the main attractions. The purpose is to educate people about the necessity of protecting the environment as well as to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats.
In addition to this, eco-tourism contributes to the promotion of recycling, energy efficiency, water conservation, and creation of economic opportunities for local communities.
An organization is considered respecting eco-tourism principles when it:
- Builds environmental awareness
- Provides direct financial benefits for conservation
- Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people
- Respects local culture
- Supports human rights and democratic movements