The Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP), launched in 1986, is the largest project of the National Trust for Nature Conservation and also the first Conservation Area and largest protected area in Nepal.
It covers a surface of 7,629 sq.km and is home of over 100,000 residents of different cultural ethnic groups.
ACAP has a rich biodiversity with 1226 species of plants, 102 mammals, 474 birds, 39 reptiles and 22 amphibians.
Over the last few years, it has become the most popular destination for trekkers knowing its cultural and natural diversity.
It contains the world’s deepest river gorge Kali Gandaki Gorge, which is 3 miles long and 1.5 miles wide and the world’s largest rhododendron forest in Ghorepani. Likewise,Tilicho lake, located in Manang in the north of Annapurna massif, is the world’s highest altitude fresh water lake.
“To achieve sustainable balance between nature conservation and socio-economic improvement in the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) thereby assist National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) in achieving its goal.”
Indeed, for instance waste management is a major concern since the estimated quantity of waste that an average trekking group of 15 people generates is about 15 kgs. Similarly, biogas plants have been installed which helped in reduction of fuel wood by ca. 3,100 Tons of fuel wood per year and also contributes in reduction of greenhouse gases by ca. 9,300 tons per year.
In order to achieve its intended objectives, NTNC, through ACAP, has launched various activities through integrated conservation and development approach under following thematic areas:
- Natural resource conservation
- Alternative energy promotion
- Conservation education and extension
- Gender and social inclusion
- Community infrastructure development
- Agriculture and livestock management
- Sustainable tourism management
- Heritage conservation
- Health sector support
- Research and documentation
Source: National Trust for Nature Conservation
Today, there are over 1,000 lodges, teashops and hundreds of other subsidiary services to welcome the yearly numerous trekkers, pilgrims and their support staff.
Enjoy a breathtaking trekking in the Annapurna Conservation Area!